Basic Geography in Google Analytics
The Location report within Google Analytics can give you a quick overview of what countries your traffic is coming from. Simply navigate to Audience > Geo > Location to view a report like the one below.
By default, this report shows you sessions by Country, but you can zoom in to particular countries to better see the traffic pattern for a particular area of interest.
Simply click on a country to see the detail.
But the insight to be gained doesn’t stop with simply measuring sessions.
Find the selector in the upper left corner of this report, and use the drop-down menu to find particularly useful engagement metrics like Avg Session Duration or Bounce Rate. By selecting these metrics, you can see where your site’s most engaged traffic is coming from.
Continent, Country, Region, City, Metro
Google Analytics provides a variety of dimensions that enable you to look at geographic data based on the visitor’s continent, country, region, city, or metro area.
When viewing data in map format (as shown above) you can simply click on an area to drill down from, say, country to region. In the United States, regions correspond to states, and in other countries they are aligned with the political administrative regions local to that nation (e.g., Rhone-Alpes in France).
In addition to viewing geographic data on a map, you can also see it in table format. Here, we are looking at sessions in France, and you can see that the map color-codes the regions (darker regions are where you are getting more traffic from), and the table beneath shows the detailed data by region.
Note, that not all the geographic dimensions provided by Google Analytics are defined in all countries. For example, the metro dimension does a good job in the US of segmenting visits by greater metropolitan area. However, in France, the metro dimension is not defined – so if you select it when looking at France, you will see a blank map, and the table will show all the visits as coming from “(not set)”.
Now that you know some of the basics about how to use the Google Analytics geography dimensions, we’ll look at some more advance uses. One important use is to look at conversion rates by geography.
Conversion Rates by Geography
If you have set up goal tracking, you can look at conversion rates by geographic location. This will tell you if there are particular countries or cities where interest in your products or services are greater than others. If your business has local branches or retail outlets, this information can help you forecast demand and identify promising new locations.
In the image shown below, we are looking at the conversion rate for Megalytic trial accounts across the country dimension. You can pick which goal to display using the selector in the upper right corner (circled in red).
To take this analysis a step further, look for regions where you have low traffic, but a high conversion rate. These places may represent opportunity for you to drive more business. Consider creating campaigns to target these specific geographies. This may involve creating content that appeals to the audience in those areas; or running targeted advertising.
A high conversion rate in a location with low traffic can be an indicator of untapped demand. These areas might be promising locations for new local branches or retail outlets. Or, if brick and mortar sales are slow in one of these locations, it may indicate that additional local advertising is needed to build awareness for the store.
In Adwords, for example, you can target search campaigns to run in specific locations. Facebook and Twitter offer similar capabilities to target advertising or sponsored content to country-specific audiences.
To find your low-traffic / high conversion rate countries, start with the report above and sort by the conversion rate column. You probably want to throw out countries with very small numbers of visits, as these are not statistically significant. To do so, use an advanced filter like the one shown below, which only includes countries with 100 or more visits.
In this example, you can see that we have a significantly higher conversion rate in the Netherlands (3.57%) than in the United States (2.84%) - where most of our traffic comes from. Maybe it is time to start running some targeted search advertising in Dutch?
Demographics by Geography
It is also very useful to understand the demographics of your audience and how it varies across geographic location. This can help you tailor content to audiences in specific regions.
For example, below you will see a custom report that breaks down visits by Country and Age (click on a country to see the age break-down). When I drill down into this report, I can compare traffic from the USA vs United Kingdom, and see the 25-34 age group makes up a much higher percentage of the UK audience than the US audience (52% vs 37%). In fact, in the UK, those under 45 make up more than 90% of the audience, whereas in the US, it is only 68%.
As a result, this site might want to invest more in content for the UK that targets a younger audience.
Geography in Real Time
You can also use Google Analytics to see what countries your traffic is coming from in real time. This can be useful, for example, when you publish new content, or a story about your company is getting picked up on social media, and you want to see where the most interest is coming from.
To see real time traffic by country, open Real-Time > Locations. As shown below, the dashboard includes a map highlighting where traffic is coming from, as well as a list of countries on the left side.
You can drill down on a specific country to see the traffic pattern locally in that region. Just click on the country from the list or in the map directly. For example, when I click on the United Kingdom, I was able to zoom in and see that we have 3 visitors from London.
You can also segment by Geography to find influencers, particularly when combined with social media data. For example, Facebook sharing initiated by your fans tends to have a relatively local reach. That is because most people tend to have a high concentration of Facebook friends in their local community. When one of your fans shares your content, or advocates for your business on Facebook, their shares may generate traffic to your site that is concentrated in a local community.
You can use this to find Facebook influencers by looking for concentrations of traffic or conversions in specific local geographies. To do this, first create a segment that isolates uses who find your content via Facebook. If you want, you can also include conversions in the segment, as we have done below. See Google’s documentation on how to Create a new segment for detailed instructions on how to create these kinds of segments.
Here is how we defined this segment.
Next, we opened the Audience > Geography > Location report, applied this segment, and drilled down to look at the United States. The map showed an interesting pattern – a high concentration of users in Tennessee who found us via Facebook, and created accounts.
Investigating further, we clicked on Tennessee, and noticed that 14 users from Nashville had opened new accounts. For us, that is an unusually high number of conversions for a mid-size city. Based on this, we looked at our trial account database to see who was the first person to open an account with an address in Nashville. We reached out to this person, and sure enough, she had shared something on FB about how much she liked Megalytic.
As you can see from this example, segmenting by geography can be a great way to find Facebook influencers. It’s invaluable to know who is spreading the word about your company or product to their friends and colleagues. First, you want to be able to thank them. Second, you want to make sure they continue to have a great experience. And third, you might be able to convince them to talk about you in other mediums – like being quoted in the industry press.
Segmenting traffic by geography can provide great insight into where your engaged audience is coming from and how to best reach them. You can use this information to target content and advertising, as well as finding where your social media influencers are located.